Greenland, a remote and breathtakingly beautiful country located in the Arctic region, is often associated with towering icebergs, vast glaciers, and a unique wildlife. With its pristine landscapes and remarkable biodiversity, it comes as no surprise that Greenland is home to several national parks. These protected areas showcase the country’s natural wonders and offer visitors unforgettable experiences in a truly Arctic environment. Here is a list of national parks in Greenland that are definitely worth exploring.
1. Northeast Greenland National Park: Covering an area of over 972,000 square kilometers, Northeast Greenland National Park is the largest national park in the world. It is a truly remote wilderness, with no permanent human settlements within its boundaries. Here, visitors can witness untouched landscapes, including vast ice caps, rugged mountains, and deep fjords. The park is home to iconic Arctic wildlife, including polar bears, muskoxen, walruses, and several species of seals and whales. Hiking, dog sledding, and wildlife watching are some of the popular activities in this arctic paradise.
2. Greenland National Park: Located in the far northwestern part of Greenland, Greenland National Park covers an area of approximately 377,000 square kilometers. Despite its smaller size compared to Northeast Greenland National Park, it is still one of the largest national parks in the world. This park offers a diverse range of landscapes, including ice-covered mountain ranges, coastal plains, and tundra. Visitors can experience the traditional Inuit lifestyle, witness the majestic Arctic wildlife, and explore ancient archaeological sites.
3. Aasivissuit-Nipisat: Aasivissuit-Nipisat, also known as the Kitaa tourist destination, is a cultural landscape recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site. It encompasses an area of around 4,339 square kilometers and is located in western Greenland. This national park serves as a cultural and historical treasure, with ancient archaeological sites highlighting the unique Inuit traditions and way of life. It offers visitors a chance to immerse themselves in Inuit culture and explore beautiful fjords, valleys, and grassy plains.
4. Tasiilaq Fjord: Tasiilaq Fjord National Park is located in Tasiilaq, the largest town in East Greenland. This national park stands out for its stunning fjords, glaciers, and colorful painted houses that dot the landscape. Visitors can explore picturesque hiking trails, go kayaking or take boat trips to witness the floating icebergs up close. Furthermore, Tasiilaq Fjord is known as a paradise for bird watchers, where numerous seabirds, including puffins and guillemots, can be spotted.
5. Kangerlussuaq Nature Reserve: Despite not being officially designated as a national park, Kangerlussuaq Nature Reserve is deserving of mention due to its unique and diverse ecosystems. Located in the southwestern part of Greenland, this reserve covers an area of approximately 14,000 square kilometers. Here, visitors can witness the transition from the barren Arctic desert to lush and vibrant tundra. The reserve is also renowned for its large populations of reindeer, muskoxen, and several bird species.
As a destination that offers unparalleled natural beauty, Greenland’s national parks provide visitors with remarkable experiences in one of the world’s most pristine environments. Whether it’s exploring massive glaciers, encountering Arctic wildlife, or immersing oneself in Inuit culture, these national parks showcase the sheer magnificence of Greenland’s untouched landscapes. For nature enthusiasts, adventure seekers, and those yearning for a true Arctic experience, Greenland’s national parks are a must-visit destination.