Bhutan, the picturesque landlocked country nestled in the eastern Himalayas, is renowned for its stunning landscapes and unique culture. The country takes immense pride in its commitment to conservation and is home to a remarkable array of diverse ecosystems. Bhutan boasts a number of national parks, each playing a crucial role in protecting the country’s rich biodiversity. Let’s take a closer look at the list of national parks in Bhutan.
1. Jigme Dorji National Park: Situated in the northwestern part of Bhutan, Jigme Dorji National Park is the second-largest national park in the country. Encompassing an area of around 4,349 square kilometers, the park is named after the third Druk Gyalpo (Dragon King) of Bhutan. The park is famous for its diverse flora and fauna, including several endangered species such as snow leopards, Bengal tigers, and Himalayan black bears.
2. Royal Manas National Park: Located in southern Bhutan, Royal Manas National Park is one of the oldest national parks in the kingdom. Covering an area of approximately 1,057 square kilometers, the park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is home to a wide array of wildlife, including gaurs (the largest species of wild cattle), Asian elephants, clouded leopards, and the rare golden langur.
3. Jigme Singye Wangchuck National Park: Named after the former king of Bhutan, Jigme Singye Wangchuck National Park is the country’s largest protected area. Spanning an area of about 4,914 square kilometers, the park stretches from northern to southeastern Bhutan. Its stunning landscapes encompass pristine alpine meadows, dense forests, and snow-capped mountains. The park is also home to a host of endangered species, including the Bengal tiger, red panda, and takin (the national animal of Bhutan).
4. Bumdeling Wildlife Sanctuary: Situated in northeastern Bhutan, Bumdeling Wildlife Sanctuary is known for its breathtaking landscapes and cultural significance. The sanctuary spans over 1,520 square kilometers and extends to altitudes of up to 5,500 meters. It provides a crucial refuge for various bird species, especially the black-necked crane, which migrates here from Tibet during the winter months.
5. Thrumshingla National Park: Located in central Bhutan, Thrumshingla National Park is known for its rich biodiversity and pristine wilderness. Encompassing an area of 768 square kilometers, the park is characterized by dense forests, towering peaks, and cascading waterfalls. It serves as a vital habitat for several endangered species, including the globally threatened Rufous-necked hornbill and Asian golden cat.
6. Phrumsengla National Park: Nestled in the central and eastern parts of Bhutan, Phrumsengla National Park covers an area of around 905 square kilometers. The park showcases mesmerizing landscapes, including the picturesque Phrumsengla Pass and the sacred pilgrimage site of Ura Yakchoe. It is a haven for numerous rare and endangered species like the Himalayan red panda, clouded leopard, and white-bellied heron.
These national parks in Bhutan play a pivotal role in the nation’s conservation efforts and provide a sanctuary for its remarkable wildlife. By safeguarding these natural treasures, Bhutan ensures the preservation of its unique biodiversity and offers visitors the chance to experience its breathtaking scenery. Embarking on a journey through these national parks is an opportunity to immerse oneself in Bhutan’s unrivaled natural beauty while witnessing the country’s unwavering commitment to conservation.